Rapid Composer: The Missing Manual

5. Working with Note Events

5.1 Relative and Absolute Events

The editing of individual notes is done in an environment that is usual for MIDI sequencers. The notes are displayed as symbols in a piano roll and can be edited directly there.

In addition, however, it must be determined whether the events to be used should be absolute or relative (Note Mapping / Note Kind).

004 NoteMapping

Relative notes are responsive to master track specifications (e.g. key, chord) and one of the following properties must be selected:

  • Chord Note
  • Scale Note
  • Bass Note

Absolute notes, on the other hand, always remain unchanged, as is usual for MIDI events in standard DAWs. Subsequent changes in the master track (e.g. key, chord symbols etc.) have no effect on them.

General Note: When editing individual notes, their type must always be taken into account: Chord, Scale, Bass, Absolute.

5.2 Editing Notes in the Composition Window or Phrase Editor

The work with single notes can be done in the main window as well as in the Phrase Editor. The choice of the work environment is left to the personal preferences of the user, because the same setting options are largely available.

Note Edit Mode (F2):    Note Edit Mode  Phrase Editor:    Phrase Editor

The Phrase Editor is clearly the better choice only with regard to the note object actions (more on this later in chapter 5.2.4):

Edit ModesThe note editor in the main window is accessible via the menu directly above the piano roll. After clicking on "Note Editing" or the F2 key, individual notes can be edited directly in the piano roll. When editing is complete, press F1 or the corresponding icon to return to Phrase Editing mode.

The Phrase Editor opens either by clicking on the corresponding entry in the main menu or by double-clicking on a phrase. After each editing, it is necessary to specify how the changes are to be saved.

There are three possibilities:

  • Apply to the phrase in the composition (if the editor was opened by double-clicking on this phrase)
  • Save in Phrase Browser
  • Copy to the clipboard (e.g. if the track is still empty because the composition was started in the Phrase Editor).

Save Phrase

The greatest benefit of the Note Edit Mode in the Composition Window is probably the ability to make quick changes to individual events in the context of a composition. The advantages of the Phrase Editor, on the other hand, lie in the focus on the essential details of a phrase and in the more specific editing options.

Note: As soon as you create or change a phrase in the Phrase Editor and save it, a Custom Phrase is created. It is saved in a special file format and can be found in the Phrase Browser (see Chapter 6.2).

5.2.1 Note Events in the Phrase Editor

There are different ways to insert and edit notes in the Phrase Editor.

  • Manual input
  • Real-time input via a connected MIDI controller
  • Double-click a phrase in the main window to edit its individual notes in the editor.

5.2.2 Basic Settings

phrase editor settings

Before entering notes, some important basic settings must be made.

Scale Note: The keys in the Phrase Editor and in the Master Track (Composition Window) should match!
When you click on the small playback arrow, the scale chosen in the selection will be played.
Chord When editing a chord pattern, the chord is set here. If an exclamation mark appears behind a chord in the selection menu, it is a chord with a different key.
When clicking on the small playback arrow, the chord set in the selection is played back.
Bass Selection of a bass note that is different from the root.
Voicing Application of different typical voicings to the selected chord.
Snap Adjusts the step size at which the drawn notes lock in place.
Grid Adjusts the step size for the displayed rhythmic grid.
Length The length of the pattern in beats.
View Options See chapter 4.4
Note Mapping Basic setting for one of the four event types (Chord, Scale, Bass, Absolute).
   

5.2.3 Editing Notes in the Piano Roll of the Phrase Editor

Draw note
  • Ctrl+Click or double click
Draw chord (6 voices)
  • Ctrl+Alt+Click
Select
  • Click or rubber band
  • Select all: Cmd+A
Cancel selection
  • Click in the background
Delete
  • Select and Backspace or Delete
  • Cmd+X (Cut out and put into the clipboard)
Changing note length in the grid
  • Click on the right end, the cursor turns into a pencil, then drag to the desired length
Free change of note length
  • As above, hold Shift additionally
Moving and locking
  • Grab and drag event left
  • Arrow keys horizontally and vertically move the note to the next possible point in the matrix.
Moving without locking
  • Touch left, Shift+Click and Pull
Duplicate or Copy
  • Select, then Ctrl+Drag or
  • Cmd+C, Cmd+V ("Copy&Paste")
   

5.2.4 Note Inspector 011 note inspector

The Note Inspector opens by right-clicking on a note in the Phrase Editor or in Note Edit Mode (F2) in the main window. The most important settings and actions for MIDI notes are listed here.

tool

Note Inspector: Object Properties

  • Note Kind
    Choose Chord, Scale, Bass, Absolute. See Chapter 5.1.
  • Note
    Harmonic function of the selected note (e.g. root, third, fifth etc.).
    "Ignore non-existent chord note":
    This affects all option notes above the basic triad. If the phrase lies on an instrument track, the option note will only be played if it also occurs in the master track chord.
  • Note Offset, Oktave Offset
    An offset can be entered here.
  • Note Accent
    Selected notes can be emphasized dynamically.
  • Articulation
    If the intended software instrument supports it, articulations such as trills can be set.
gear

Note Inspector: Object Actions in the Phrase Editor

  • Select all notes
  • Deselect all notes
  • Remove selected note
  • Detect tempo and adjust
  • Align selection to beats
  • Quantize
  • Mirror selection
  • Join selected notes
  • Split selected notes
  • Make selected notes legato
  • Add selected notes to clipboard

Note Inspector: Object Actions in Note Edit Mode

In Note Edit mode (F2) there are considerably fewer actions to choose from:

  • Move notes to new phrase
  • Remove selected notes
  • Add selected notes to the clipboard
   

5.2.4 Examples (Videos)

> Manual editing of a waltz melody in the Phrase Editor

> Editing Velocity in the Phrase Editor